<h2 class="uk-h1 uk-text-primary uk-width-2xlarge uk-margin-auto"> </h2> <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US"> is an electronic half-yearly magazine that publishes articles in the field of communication and media studies as well as interdisciplinary articles. We also publish texts which can be potentially important for media researchers, including for example constructivist analyses, discourse analyses, empirical studies of media content, articles focusing on important issues discussed in the public sphere, etc.</span></p> <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">The editorial board accepts only the texts which meet the criterion of a scientific article, which means that the author proposed a new way to put or solve a problem within the broadly understood social sciences.</span></p> <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">No research perspective, theoretical approach or type of an article is imposed. We accept purely theoretical texts, empirical reports, reviews, and other articles, provided that they meet the requirements set above.</span></p> Polskie Towarzystwo Kumunikacji Społecznej oraz Instytut Dziennikarstwa, Mediów i Komunikacji Społecznej Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego en-US 2545-2320 <p>Content of the articles is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license</p> Research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on media and communication in selected Polish and international scientific journals. <p>The paper provides a meta-analysis of research conducted on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the media and social communication. It consists of a content analysis of ten Polish and ten international scientific journals. From N=1214 abstracts, a sample of n=56 abstracts concerning the studied subject matter was selected and analyzed, with the focus on such topics as: fields of study, methodological paradigms, research methods, theoretical frameworks, and research topics. The study showed that: 1) the main fields of studies of the COVID-19 pandemic impact on the media and social communication included media content, media impact, and media audiences; 2) qualitative methodology was the most common methodological paradigm used; 3) case study was the most common research method used. The paper may be of interest to researchers conducting meta-analyses in the field of media and social communication.</p> Hubert Kuliński Copyright (c) 2022 Polish Communication Association 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 4 2 6 19 10.51480/compress.2021.4-2.335 Society on the Web: An Overview of Trends in the Use and Development of Social Media and the Internet During the COVID-19 Pandemic <p>The COVID-19 pandemic forced numerous changes in many areas of human life. Society faced the challenge of adapting to the new reality. Due to the restrictions, people stayed at home and many aspects of their everyday lives moved to the Internet. Direct communication was largely replaced by remote communication, the use of digital tools increased, and social media developed and become the main ways of communication between families, members of the academic community, work colleagues, and brands with their clients. The Internet played a more significant role in maintaining interpersonal relationships than ever before. In this paper, the author reviews trends in the usage and development of social media and the Internet during the COVID-19 pandemic, with particular emphasis put on the case of Poland.</p> Marta Woźniak Copyright (c) 2022 Polish Communication Association 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 4 2 20 35 10.51480/compress.2021.4-2.315 The Media in the COVID-19 Pandemic - Opportunities and Challenges: An Overview <p>The paper focuses on the problems of the media – mainly new media but also traditional ones - in the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly on the role they assumed and the new behavioral patterns of their audiences. The aim of this paper is to present the most significant issues related to the media and social communication in this period, both from the perspective of senders and receivers. It also offers a reflection on ethics regarding the media in the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper is meant to be an overview of multiple issues related to the media in the COVID-19 pandemics and is based on previously published reports, analyzes, and studies regarding this topic.</p> Paszek Agata Barbara Sitko Copyright (c) 2022 Polish Communication Association 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 4 2 36 51 10.51480/compress.2021.4-2.323 Artificial Intelligence and the Future of News <p>The emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a direct result of our need for social progress. However, the speed at which it penetrates all domains of our lives influences how we understand the world, communicate, travel, and work. This paper aims to analyze the phenomenon of fake news as a direct consequence of AI making its way into the world of journalism as well as the redefinition of journalism caused by implementing AI in the work environment. Gradually, the development of new technologies created the conditions for a new kind of freedom, allowing individuals to express themselves throughout a constantly increasing number of platforms. In addition, digitization also affects the work of journalists, leading to the following questions: Is the freedom granted by new technologies beneficial or toxic? How can we distinguish between true and fake news? What is the future of journalism? Will algorithms be able to create better content than humans?</p> Ines Razec Copyright (c) 2022 Polish Communication Association 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 4 2 52 69 10.51480/compress.2021.4-2.230 Transmission of Social Pathologies to the Media Sphere: Causes and Threats Connected With the Activity of Patho-influencers, Patho-streamers, and Patho-users <p>The dynamic development of social media, including YouTube which since 2005 enables users to watch and upload video content online, caused a trend of showing one’s everyday life on the Internet. The media reality of today's Internet receivers makes it safe to say that in addition to valuable content posted on social media, one can also find the content that may be considered a threat. In the author's opinion, patho-streaming should certainly be considered as such. This phenomenon consists in sharing one’s privacy in the new media in real time and presenting activities that can be considered deviant. The author of this paper analyzes the activity of senders of obscene content and their receivers using content analysis. The aim of the research is to present the phenomenon of patho-streaming as well as the threats of transmission of social pathologies to the media sphere.</p> Wojciech Kułaga Copyright (c) 2022 Polish Communication Association 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 4 2 70 89 10.51480/compress.2021.4-2.313 Children on the Web: Recipients of the New New Media <p>The paper presents the new new media as a contemporary and dominant space in children's lives. Most children begin to use the Internet when they are a few years old, for example, while watching cartoons. The online world can be both an opportunity and a threat to young users. The aim of the research was to determine whether children's growing interest in the Internet has a limiting impact on traditional ways of communication with peers and whether the increasing use of social networking sites by children is determined by the fear of exclusion from their circle of peers. The study was conducted with the use of an online survey distributed among children from the third, fifth, and seventh years of two Polish primary schools. The results include several conclusions regarding children's contact with the new media and their peers. The study showed that the majority of primary school pupils are regular users of the new new media, and their interest in new technologies increases with age.</p> Patrycja Oziębło Copyright (c) 2022 Polish Communication Association 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 4 2 90 107 10.51480/compress.2021.4-2.318 The concept of selflove and selfcare profiles on Instagram <p>The Communication Strategy of Instagram Self-Love and Self-Care Accounts The paper aims at analyzing the communication strategies used by the creators of self-love and self-care accounts on Instagram. The number of such accounts increased recently, the reasons for which include Instagram’s rising popularity and deterioration of mental health throughout society. The paper consists of theoretical and analytical sections - it includes a historical overview of the concepts studied as well as a qualitative analysis of the content of several self-love and self-care Instagram accounts. The results offer an insight into the communication strategies of the creators of selected Instagram accounts concerning self-love and self-care as well as show how receivers react to such content. </p> Mateusz Sobiech Angelika Witkowska Copyright (c) 2022 Polish Communication Association 2021-12-28 2021-12-28 4 2 108 123 10.51480/compress.2021.4-2.319