Polish and Swedish journalist-politician Twitter networks: Who are the gatekeepers?


  • Elena Johansson Umeå University
  • Jacek Nożewski University of Wrocław




political/government communication, journalists, ministers, press secretaries, realtions, gatekeepers, network analysis, Twitter


The relationship between journalists and political sources takes different forms and extends from adversarial to advocating. Th e question which side ‘leads the tango’ has always been central to this approach. Since technological development has led to hybridization of themedia systems, the nature of communication has been reshaped in many ways. The emergence of social media has challenged the journalistic profession, especially journalists’ role as gatekeepers, but provided extra space for interaction with sources. Increasing professionalization of politics has reinforced the role of press secretaries/advisers. This is a comparative study of interaction among Polish and Swedish journalists, ministers, and press secretaries in Twitter provided by network analysis and three social network concepts as density, modularity, and centralization. In this analysis, a more influential position is conceptualized in terms of ‘communicative resources’ or ‘accumulated capacity’. Swedish journalists have more opportunities to act as gatekeepers or ‘key users’ in the Twitter network; in Poland, it is rather the political side.

Author Biographies

Elena Johansson, Umeå University

Elena Johansson, PhD, is a lecturer at the School of Culture and Media sciences at Umeå University, Sweden. She also teaches at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology. In the years2011–2017 she worked as a Researcher at the School of Social Sciences at Södertörn University. Her research focuses on political communication, professional journalistic cultures, and social media.

Jacek Nożewski, University of Wrocław

Jacek Nożewski, PhD, was a student of the University of Wroclaw. He took part in many international research projects, such as “Government communication in a comparative perspective” coordinated by Södertörn University. His research interests focus on political communication, journalism, social media, technological changes in the media sectors, and user activity within social media.


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How to Cite

Johansson, E., & Nożewski, J. (2018). Polish and Swedish journalist-politician Twitter networks: Who are the gatekeepers? . Central European Journal of Communication, 11(2(21), 129-150. https://doi.org/10.19195/1899-5101.11.2(21).2



Scientific Papers