Imaginings of the Future of Conflict and Communication Technologies

A Map of Four Anxiety and Two Hope Driven Scenarios


  • Nico Carpentier Charles University (Institute of Communication Studies and Journalism) and Tallinn University (Baltic Film, Media and Arts School)
  • Andrea Miconi IULM University, Milan



Construction of the Future, Conflict, Assemblage, Technology, Platforms


The article presents an analysis of the construction of future scenarios in relation to conflict and communication technologies (CTs), on the basic of Delphi+ workshops and essay-writing sessions. Grounded in a theoretical reflection on the various forms of conflict—distinguishing between armed, grey zone and democratic conflict—in combination with theoretical reflections on the role of CTs in conflict, and the future imaginings of (communication) technologies, the analysis discusses six future imaginaries. Four of these future scenarios are negative as in a power take-over, the intensification of both an armed conflict, and of democratic conflict, and the harm inflicted on the environment and society in general. The two positive scenarios are the protective role of supranational organizations and cultural change. Together, these six scenarios form a map of how European experts are concerned about media/technology and military/technology assemblages, and how they place their hope in supranational political institutions and cultural change.

Author Biographies

Nico Carpentier, Charles University (Institute of Communication Studies and Journalism) and Tallinn University (Baltic Film, Media and Arts School)

Nico Carpentier is Extraordinary Professor at Charles University (Prague, Czech Republic), a Visiting Professor at Tallinn University (Estonia) and President of the International Association for Media and Communication Research (2020-2024).

Andrea Miconi, IULM University, Milan

Andrea Miconi is Professor of Media Sociology at IULM University in Milan


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How to Cite

Carpentier, N., & Miconi, A. (2024). Imaginings of the Future of Conflict and Communication Technologies: A Map of Four Anxiety and Two Hope Driven Scenarios. Central European Journal of Communication, 17(1(35), 61-81.